Mental Health vs. Mental Illness

Mental Health  

  1. Is our emotional, psychological, and social well-being.
  2. It happens during every stage of life (childhood, adolescence, and adulthood).
  3. It helps determine how we handle stress, relate to others, and make healthy choices.
  4. It is disturbed by stressors in our daily life.  

Mental Illness 

  1. Affects a person’s thinking, feeling, mood, or behavior, such as depression and anxiety
  2. It is a condition that can last for a long time.
  3. It affects a person’s ability to relate to others and function throughout the day.
  4. 50% of mental illness begins at the age of 4 and 75% by the age of 24. 
What is Anxiety

What is Anxiety?

Anxiety Disorder  

Individuals can experience anxiety daily; however, having an anxiety disorder is when it is persistent and intense for a long period of time. A continuous feeling of worry, fear, and uneasiness. Types of anxiety disorders are social anxiety, panic disorders, and phobias. 

What is Depression

What is Depression?

Depression Disorder

Depression is a mood disorder that causes a continuous feeling of sadness that does not go away. It affects an individual’s ability to do activities daily. It is a brain disorder that affects how you feel, think, and behave.  

Know your Symptoms, and Get Help! 

Get help by knowing your symptoms

Anxiety signs and symptoms:  

  • Feeling nervous, restless, or tense 
  • A sense of impending danger, panic, or doom 
  • Increased heart rate 
  • Breathing rapidly (hyperventilation) 
  • Sweating 
  • Trembling 
  • Feeling weak or tired 
  • Trouble concentrating or thinking about anything other than the present worry 
  • Trouble sleeping 
  • Gastrointestinal (GI) problems 
  • Difficulty controlling worry 
  • Urges to avoid things that trigger anxiety 

Depression signs and symptoms: 

  • Feelings of sadness, tearfulness, emptiness, or hopelessness 
  • Angry outbursts, irritability or frustration, even over small matters 
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in most or all normal activities, such as sex, hobbies, or sports 
  • Sleep disturbances, including insomnia or sleeping too much 
  • Tiredness and lack of energy, so even small tasks take extra effort 
  • Reduced appetite and weight loss or increased cravings for food and weight gain 
  • Anxiety, agitation, or restlessness 
  • Slowed thinking, speaking, or body movements 
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt, fixating on past failures or self-blame 
  • Trouble thinking, concentrating, making decisions, and remembering things 
  • Frequent or recurrent thoughts of death, suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts, or suicide 
  • Unexplained physical problems, such as back pain or headaches 

Author: Efua Arthur

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